When it comes to bodybuilding, there is no doubt that men and women are different. This also means that when it comes to certain diseases, the risks and symptoms also vary. A great example of this is heart disease, in which women often have different risk factors such as PCOS and endometriosis.
But that is not all! Studies also show that women are more likely to have a heart attack. In fact, a new study published in the journal Heart Rhythm shows that women are at greater risk for sudden cardiac death during the night.
The study which was led by the Center for Cardiac Arrest Prevention at Smidt Heart Institute (US), found for the first time that at night, women were more likely to die suddenly than men because of a heart attack.
“Sudden death at night is a confusing and painful condition,” said Sumeet Chugh, MD, senior study author and director of the Center for Cardiac Arrest Prevention. “We were shocked to find that being a woman is an independent predictor of these events,” added Chugh.
Medical experts are surprised, says Chugh, because, during these breaks, many patients are in a state of rest, with weight loss, heart rate, and blood pressure.
The difference between a heart attack and a heart attack
Sudden cardiac arrest – also called sudden cardiac death – is an electrical impulse in the heart that causes the heart to stop beating.
However, heart disease is caused by a lot of cholesterol that builds up in the coronary arteries. And unlike a heart attack, when most people have symptoms, sudden heart death can bring without warning signs.
Another major difference: Most people survive heart attacks, with only 10% of patients surviving a cardiac arrest outside of hospital. Of the estimated 350,000 people affected by this condition each year in the U.S., about 17 to 41% of cases occur during the night from 10:00 to 6 p.m.
In the study, Chugh and his investigative team looked at the records of 4,126 patients, with 3,208 daytime cases of sudden cardiac arrest and 918 nighttime cases. Compared to daytime cases, patients who suffered nighttime physical abuse were more likely to be women.
While more work is needed, researchers suggest that there may be a respirator that causes this increased risk at night for women.
Here are some of the findings
• 25.4% of educated women suffer from cardiac arrest at night compared to 20.6% of their male counterparts.
• The incidence of pneumonia was significantly higher in those who had a heart attack at night compared with those with a heart attack during the day.
• Those with a heart attack during the night had a higher rate of past or current smoking history.
“The incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma has been found to be significantly higher in cases of sudden cardiac arrest at night compared to daytime cases, regardless of gender,” Chugh said.
“Drugs that affect the brain, some of which have a strong anti-respiratory effect, have also been found to be more effective at night compared to cardiac arrest during the day,” added Chugh.
Based on these findings, this research report suggested that prescribing physicians may wish to be cautious when recommending medications that affect the brain, for example, medications and drugs prescribed for the management of pain and depression, in high-risk patients, especially women.
“This important study could better guide physicians and the wider medical community in making more informed, scientific-supported recommendations for treating this complex condition,” said Christine Albert, MD, MPH, chair of the Cardiology Institute at Midt Heart Institute and Lee and Harold Kapelovitz, Chair of Cardiology. .
“It’s also a necessary continuation of a sex-based study that explores the major field of cardiovascular disease,” concludes Albert.