Simultaneous elections will reduce voters apathy of frequent polls: Parl panel. Calling for simultaneous national elections, a parliamentary committee on Tuesday said this would reduce spending, political party spending and ensure that resources were used efficiently.
It was also stated that the committee also believes that simultaneous elections will reduce voter indifference in the general election and that they will please the majority of the people and the electorate in particular, which will ultimately improve voter participation in the electoral process.
The report was presented to both houses on Tuesday during this week.
The committee said it was of the view that the idea of a ‘One Nation, One Election’ or one-time election was nothing new in the country as the first elections in Lok Sabha in 1952, 1957 and 1962 were held simultaneously and could not be brought to the fore.
As a result, certain provisions of the Constitution may be amended so that there may be a set of rules for local organizations, legislative meetings and Lok Sabha to hold elections simultaneously. The report states that the terms of the legislature and Lok Sabha also need to be aligned and that they need to reduce or increase.
He said holding elections every year whether it be because of local organizations, state conventions or Lok Sabha, puts a lot of pressure on state machinery that creates other barriers to governance.
The report said that the country remains in a state of elections throughout the year.
The first, second and third elections after the introduction of the Constitution were held simultaneously. However, the early dissolution of some legislative meetings in 1968 and 1969 led to the immediate suspension of holding elections, it notes.
The report said that the re-emphasis of the concept of simultaneous elections was made in 1983 when the Electoral Commission released its first annual report and recommended a simultaneous holding of Lok Sabha elections and legislative meetings as it would reduce spending and ensure the use of power and resource.
The then Legal Commission led by Judge B P Jeevan Reddi in its 170th report in 1999 on the Reform of Electoral Laws also called for simultaneous holding of elections in Lok Sabha and legal meetings as it would ensure stability in the administration, the panel said.
A few years ago, the Legal Commission has currently under the Judge B S Chauhan (retd), who recommended holding simultaneous elections in Lok Sabha and national conventions to save public money.
The framework presented to the legal department has warned that simultaneous holding of elections is not possible within the existing Constitutional framework.
Proposed amendments to the Constitution and electoral laws.
The center has been playing with this idea for some time now. The state-owned tank, NITI Aayog, has proposed the reconciliation of two Lok Sabha constituencies and polling stations from 2024 to ensure minimal disruption of campaigns in governance.