After a year of fierce fighting on the border between India and Pakistan and China, all three countries are suddenly talking about peace as they wait to see how President Joe Biden will change policy in the region.
The Indian and also the Chinese foreign ministers said on Thursday had discussed about the plans and to cut off troops from their Himalayan border, last year when there have been more deadly wars since the year 1970s.
A call between Jaishankar and his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi, which lasted more than an hour, came shortly after India and Pakistan issued an unusual statement from military officials announcing a moratorium on operations on their border.
These measures alleviate some of Asia’s greatest light disputes, where three nuclear powers often challenge their territorial disputes. While India and Pakistan have fought three wars since Independence and nothing has been traded, tensions between New Delhi and Beijing escalated last year to the point where Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government blocked hundreds of Chinese programs and reduced investment approval.
The detention in South Asia shows all three countries responding to efforts from the Biden administration, which makes a policy towards the region after the unexpected years of President Donald Trump. Pakistan wants to show the United States that it is not too close to China, Beijing wants to lower its temperature as Biden’s New Delhi and India courts close their bets as they prepare to welcome BRICS leaders including Chinese President Xi Jinping later this year.
Aparna Pande who is the director of the Initiative on the Future of India and South Asia at Washington based Hudson institute said that On the other hand, India hopes that the US-China peer dispute means that India remains important and that Pakistan – as a partner with China – will face more pressure. She also said that but Delhi is not sure how strong Washington will be in Beijing, so a temporary suspension in Pakistan and a slight compromise in China could buy time and ease the pressure quickly in India.
The borders between India and Pakistan and China extend about 7,000 miles (4,300 miles). Although the Indian and Chinese armies have begun to pull back their troops from other parts of the Himalayan border, there are still areas where the troops are facing each other.
The Indian Foreign Ministry said Jaishankar had stressed to Wang the need to improve bilateral relations and ensure peace on the disputed border between the two nations. Wang, on the other hand, urged China and India to adhere strictly to the right approach to trust and cooperation and to “develop effective cooperation,” Chinese media reported.
New Delhi and Islamabad in 2003 signed an agreement to stop fighting their Himalayan border, known as the Line of Control, which is 742 kilometers (460 miles), but that agreement has been repeatedly violated. The tense situation worsened after August 2019 when Prime Minister Modi revoked the special position of Jammu and Kashmir.
‘No one should ask’
“With the aim of achieving beneficial and lasting peace at the borders,” senior military officials from both nations “agreed to address each other’s problems and concerns,” the statement said.
The agreement “will save innocent lives so no one should ask intentionally,” Moeed W Yusuf, special aide to Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, tweeted. “Nor should it be mistaken. There is nothing but encounters with this here. ”
Biden’s administration has welcomed the announcement of a re-implementation of the 2003 ceasefire agreement, which they have recommended. The US secretary of the state Ned Price told the reports that when it comes to the role of the United States, they will continue to support direct dialogue between India and Pakistan over Kashmir and other concerns.
Previous peace measures between India and Pakistan, including a statement in May 2018 after a border bombing, came to an end. Whether they can build on this and continue in lasting peace remains an open question, but at least for a moment the volatile spirits provide a seemingly rare opportunity to speak instead of fighting.
Najmuddin Shaikh who is the Pakistan’s former foreign secretary and ambassador said to the United States by telephone when asked about the ceadefire that what should come first is the proposal – to resume negotiations.