Hike in public spending on healthcare can significantly reduce out of pocket expenditure from 65 per cent to 35 per cent.
The spotlight is on the adequacy of public facilities during the pandemic. The (NHM) has helped improve the infrastructure over the last fifteen years, but much more needs to be done to improve the security.
The NHM has increased the number of 24×7 delivery points from 2,243 in 2005 to 15,494 (rise of 591 per cent) in 2020, while the number of First Referral Units (FRU) that provides comprehensive obstetric care services has also gone up from 940 units in 2005 to 3,122 units (rise of 232 per cent) during the same period.
While the Sub Centres have grown by 8 per cent, Primary Centres (PHCs) have increased by 7 per cent. Community Health Centres has gone up from 3,346 to 5,335 ( rise by 59 per cent), while 121 district hospitals have been added during the last 15 years.
Among the facilities conceptualised and implemented under NHM, the government has started 77, 278 Ayushaman Bharat Health and Wellness Centres and 5,895 urban PHCs.