An unmanned Chinese spacecraft landed on Mars on Saturday, making China the second country to successfully land on the Red Planet after America.
China’s Tianwen-1 spacecraft, currently orbiting Mars, named its lander and rover – a Chinese mythological god named Zurong after fire – on the surface of the planet early Saturday, described by the Chinese on-going Completed an important phase of the mission, the state media is said to be “highly complex without any ground control”.
The official news agency Xinhua reported that the investigation landed at a site on a vast lava field known as Utopia Planitia, “leaving a Chinese footprint on Mars for the first time”.
Entry, landing and landing (EDL) took about nine minutes, during which the speed of the craft was reduced from 20,000 kmph to zero, China Academy of Space Technology (CAST), developer of the lander-rover combo Tianwen-1, Chinese Told the state media.
China’s National Space Administration (CNSA) said in a statement that its rover Zurong had successfully landed on Mars after a “nine-minute panic”, which NASA describes as the time interval when the scientists rover on Earth due to communications There is no control over it. Delay.
Tianwen-1, consisting of an orbiter, a lander and a rover, was launched on July 23, 2020 from the Wenchang spacecraft launch site off the coast of Hainan Island in southern China.
Keeping an eye on the course of the spacecraft, the Xinhua report states that by early Saturday, the spacecraft began to descend from its parking orbit, and the entrance capsule circling the lander and rover separated from the orbiter at around 4 am .
The report stated saying that after flying for about three hours, the entrance capsule has also moved towards the Red Planet and entered the atmosphere of Mars at an altitude of 125 km, starting the most risky phase of the entire mission.
About 100 meters above the planet’s surface, the craft hovers to identify obstacles and measures the surface slopes and hence avoiding the obstacles, it chose a relatively flat area and slowly descended, touching safely with its four buffer legs.
He said that earlier, research had revealed that the landing site in the early history of Mars may have been an ancient ocean or lakefront. The Chinese scientists are also looking for more evidence of water-ice and that they will share data with their international counterparts.
Last month, China sent a major module into space for its permanent space station, which it plans to complete by 2022 as part of its ambitious space program.
A module which was sent into orbit by a rocket can provide power and can also accommodate three astronauts for up to six months.
In a comment published on Saturday, Xinhua said that China “does not want to compete for leadership in space” but was committed to “revealing the secrets of the universe and contributing to humanity’s peaceful use of space”.
Tianwen-1 was one of three that reached Mars in February, with the US Rover Perseverance touching down on 18 February; HOPE – the third spacecraft to hit Mars in the month of February this year – which is not designed to make landings. Launched by the United Arab Emirates, it is also currently orbiting around the Mars, collecting data on its weather and atmosphere.
Reuters said in a report that the first successful landing so far was made by NASA’s Viking 1 in July 1976 and again in September of that year by Viking 2. A Mars probe launched by the former Soviet Union landed in December 1971, but communications came seconds after the landing. Lost.