Tibet was discovered by Chinese troops more than 60 years ago and China continues to live brutally in the region to this day. To create an “impenetrable barrier of security” between Tibetan and foreign nationals, China has adopted a strategy to build “Border Defense Villages”.
According to reports, Chinese Communist Party (CCP) officials have been suspended in these areas to fight the “invasion of hostilities”. One of the main focus areas of this program is to build connectivity infrastructure.
In 2019, the Chinese government built a major tunnel and a bridge that would link the Tibetan capital Lhasa with the Chinese province of Sichuan by rail. This new train link is very important in China and is close to India.
The development of these border valleys has a major impact on India’s defense. These ‘Border Protection Areas’ will change the census in the border areas over time. The construction of these border crossings is of great concern to India following the 2017 standoff between India and Chinese troops on the Doklam Plateau. Plain 9 km from Yadong County, Tibet. The region is considered strategically critical because of its location and proximity from the Indian border.
If China were to increase its influence in the region, it would allow Chinese troops to enter the Siliguri Corridor, known as the “Chicken’s Neck.” of war or conflict, “a source familiar with the developments told Zee News.
Chinese President Xi Jinping has said the country’s borders must be well managed so that it can govern the country as a whole. Wu Yingjie, CCP Chief of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) said Tibet is a special border region and therefore very important for China’s national security and creates a barrier to environmental protection. The plan for the construction of Tibetan Border Guards, near the Indian border, has been identified in the “Tibetan Cities for the Extinct Territories of Tibetan Region (2017-2020).”
The plan was postponed in 2017 and according to it, China will be creating more than 600 of these Border Defense Villages.
These border areas were built on routes used by the Tibetans to escape the oppressive CCP regime entering Nepal and heading to India. Another important role for the residents of these valleys is to keep tabs on the movement of people and other border objects. Most Border Protection villages are built in key areas such as Nyingtri / Niyngchi. The region crosses the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.
Border Defense Villages also serve as the center of the CCP’s ideological campaigns. Villages conduct political study sessions in border areas. These periods of political education include the training of monks in England.
In this way, monks are taught to challenge the influence of the Dalai Lama. Penpa Lhamo, Deputy Head of the Contemporary Studies Institute of Tibet Academy of Science said Nyingtri is important in the activities of Chinese spies because of the presence of many military bases in the region. According to Li Wei, an expert on terrorism and the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations of China, Tibetan temples have always focused on the Chinese government’s system as important to maintaining Tibetan stability.
The infrastructure closest to the actual border is known as the construction of the “first line”. According to Chinese media, most Border Defense Villages have been built on the ‘first line’ while about 200 Border Defense Villages are built on the ‘second line’. Chinese media have also reported that Tibetans are often forcibly deported from their border areas.
Zhu Hong, head of the Gar County committee’s organizing department when he took over the new Border Defense Village called Demchog in Gar County, said that the aim was to turn the cities into a place and to also build a party and a permanent battlefield.
He also added that these villages will hold exhibitions at the border and preserve the motherland (China). In addition to the role of unprotected security, these Border Defense Villages also act as outsiders trying to identify “secessionist” objects. Chinese media have reported that the facilities available in these areas include well-built houses, paved roads, electricity, TV, and the Internet, which should have seemed attractive to those across the border.
The construction and development of these Border Protection Areas was recommended by President Xi Jinping. In a letter to two sisters from a Tibetan shepherding family, Xi stated that he wished the girls would “take root” in the new city and protect China. Xi also added that he wished Tibetan residents to “improve their hometown”. The Chinese have invested heavily in the operation of these Border Protection Centers.
The construction of these ‘Border Defense Villages’ is for the Chinese immigration to neighboring countries. These two actions of Chinese President Xi Jinping explicitly violated international norms. China perhaps chooses this time from the international health crisis as an ‘opportunity’ to advance its vision of expansion.