On Tuesday President Joe Biden signed a series of orders to postpone his previous immigration policies, demonstrating the White House’s powers and limitations without the support of Congress.
His directives on family segregation, border security and legal migration bring the ninth number of immigrant management acts in the first two weeks in office. With a proposed law to provide legal status and a way to become a citizen of all the estimated 11 million people in the country who are incapable, Biden quickly targeted many of former President Donald Trump’s reforms to prevent immigrants, both legal. and it is illegal, and he created an idea that would probably run out of time if he could get enough support from a very different Congress.
Biden retracted some of Trump’s actions and laid the groundwork for a far-reaching decree based on the outcome of a policy review in the next few months.
“I am not making a new law. I am ending a bad policy, ” he said during the signing ceremony.
Alejandro Mayorkas, who was sworn in as Secretary of Homeland Security after his nomination by the Senate on Tuesday, will lead a family disintegration team, focusing on uniting parents and children who do not live together. It is unclear how many, but about 5,500 children have been identified in court papers as separated during Trump’s time, including 600 whose parents have not yet been found by a court-appointed committee.
“We will work to address the moral and national scandal of past management,” Biden said.
The review will consider whether it is possible to have a legal status in the United States for divorced families and to provide mental health services.
The American Civil Liberties Union, which has demanded family reunification, has called on the authorities to legalize the United States for all thousands of divorced families, as well as financial compensation for those families and lawyers at government expense.
The border security review will include a policy that makes asylum seekers wait in cities along the Mexican border for hearings in a U.S. immigration court. It is a step towards fulfilling the campaign promise to end the `Stay in Mexico ” policy, officially known as the Migrant Protection Protocols, which has registered nearly 70,000 asylum seekers since its inception in January 2019. are registered waiting for Mexico to rule on their cases.
Biden abolished the policy that kept asylum seekers in the Customs and Border Protection cell from access to lawyers while their applications were processed immediately. He ordered a review of the nationwide expansion of the deportation authority and agreements with Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras for the U.S. It denied asylum seekers and instead sent them to those Central American countries with the opportunity to seek protection there.
His directive on the arrival of legitimate people seeks ways to reduce backlogs and barriers to citizenship and also looks at removing Trump’s “ public bill, ” which makes it very difficult for people who receive government benefits to get green cards.
Biden did not face the ban on many temporary work visas and green cards while the economy was recovering from the epidemic, as some had expected.
“This is a huge gap for them not to take action on the visa ban because the impact is huge and significant,” said Greg Chen, director of public relations for the American Immigration Lawyers Association.
While rapid changes were limited, the impact of the high order for Trump to remove his first week from office did not begin to show until a month later when Homeland Security released a mandatory detailed enforcement. Those decrees laid the basis for many other administrative measures that followed.
Many changes will have to come from organizations such as Homeland Security, not the White House, such as the repeal of public law, Chen said.
The announcement comes as Biden’s aides warn that Trump’s border policy restrictions could take months to reverse – a position that has sparked outrage among some immigrant representatives.
Roberta Jacobson, Biden’s senior assistant on border issues, asked the Spanish-language media on Friday to discourage the audience from coming to the U.S. border. “It’s not the time,” he said in Spanish, adding that the trip was “very dangerous”, and we are in the process of building a new system. ”
White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki echoed the message from the White House panel on Tuesday, saying it was “always dangerous” and “this is not the time to come to the United States.” ”
The decrees show that, just as Trump re-enacted immigration policies from the White House, Biden could back down with a pen _ easier than others. Long-term reforms will have to overwhelm Congress, the terrifying work Trump and his predecessors Barack Obama and George W. Bush have failed to achieve.
In the repetition of failed laws in 2007 and 2013, the general divisions of segregation formed a hot topic. Stephen Miller, Trump’s chief policymaker, said on Sunday in the Fox News Channel that Biden’s actions reached “ the end of all immigrants in the United States of America. ”
Pro-immigration groups in particular applauded Biden’s recent action, although they have been more vocal in their acceptance of almost the first-day president’s actions.
“The positive steps that management is taking should be the beginning, not the end,” Ali Noorani, president of the National Immigration Forum, said on Tuesday. “Congress should build on these first steps to find lasting solutions to improve our immigration system. ”