A spacecraft from the United Arab Emirates was about to land around Mars in the first mission of the Arab planet on Tuesday, the first of three robotic pilots to land on the red planet in the next week and a half.
The orbiter, called Amal, Arabic for Hope, traveled 300 million miles [300 million km] in about seven months to Mars with the aim of mapping the atmosphere for each season.
The combination of orbiter and lander from China is far behind, scheduled to arrive in the world on Wednesday. It will encircle Mars until the robot disintegrates and then attempt to settle down in May in search of signs of ancient life.
A US rover called Perseverance is expected to join the crowd next week, aiming to arrive on February 18. It will be the first leg of a 10-year US-European project to bring back rocks on Mars to Earth to test the planet’s very short life span. .
About 60% of all Mars missions end up failing, crashing, burning or otherwise proving the difficulty of navigation between the planets and the difficulty of descending through Mars’ small universe.
If it does, China will be the second country to arrive successfully on Mars. The US has done it eight times, for the first time in almost 45 years. The Nasa rover and lander are still running high.
In the UAE, it was the country’s first business beyond the rotation of the earth, making the plane a major source of pride for the country.
Days, landmarks throughout the UAE, including the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest tower, were filled with red to mark Amal’s expected arrival. This year marks the 50th anniversary of the founding of the country, which draws a lot of attention from Amal.
The space station in the sky aims for the highest Martian orbit of 13,670 miles by 27,340 miles (22,000 miles by 44,000 miles). It was planned to join six spacecraft already operating near Mars: three in the U.S., two in Europe and one in India.
Amal was expected to perform a series of sophisticated, high-powered series of intermittent and intermittent collisions in order to enter the cycle and achieve what many had previously avoided.
“Anything goes wrong and you lose the spacecraft,” said Sarah al-Amiri, the technology minister and chair of the UAE’s agency.
Success can be a major boost to the ambitions of the UAE space. The world’s first astronaut entered space in 2019, aboard the International Space Station with Russia. That was 58 years after the Soviet Union and the U.S. Introducing the astronauts.
In developing the Amal, the UAE has chosen to work with experienced partners rather than go it alone or buy a spacecraft elsewhere. Its engineers and scientists have worked with researchers at the University of Colorado, the University of California at Berkeley and Arizona State University.
The spacecraft was assembled in Boulder, Colorado, before being shipped to Japan for launch last July.
All three red-planets orbiting the red planet have been removed within a few days, taking advantage of close proximity to Earth and Mars – thus their arrival times are near.
The car size Amal cost $ 200 million to build and deliver; that does not include operating costs on Mars. Chinese and U.S. travel It is very complex and expensive – because of its mobility. NASA’s endurance work is worth $ 3 billion.
The UAE, a coalition of seven scandals, wants Amal to burn the minds of the world’s scientists and its youth, and help prepare for the future when oil runs out.
“This goal was not just to get to Mars,” said Omran Sharaf, Amal’s project manager. “Mars is just a way to achieve a much bigger goal.”