80% reduction in insurgency-related incidents in N-E states last year: MHA data. Insurance-related incidents in the North East province dropped by 80% and 99% deaths last year compared to 2014, according to Union Union Home Affairs data. Community mortality was one (two) digit in 2020 for the first time since 1999. Deaths for security personnel have also dropped by 75%.
Rebellion reached its peak in the region in 2000 when 1,923 incidents were reported. This figure dropped to 162 by 2020 compared to 824 in 2014 where 212 deaths were reported. The highest homicide rate (907) in the region was also reported in 2000.
In 1999, 208 security personnel lost their lives fighting rebels in the region. Five security personnel are reported to have died in 2020 compared to 20 in 2014.
A very high number – 2,644 – of various rebels have surrendered to the security forces by 2020. Prior to this, the highest number of volunteers was in 2000 when 1,962 soldiers donated weapons. About 1 824 rebels have volunteered from 2014 to 2019.
Details show that the rebellion has dropped sharply, especially since 2015, a year after the National Democratic Alliance government took office.
G Kishan Reddy, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Union (Department of Home Affairs), informed Parliament in March last year that there would be a 70% reduction in violence in the region by 2019.
An official from the department, who did not want to be named, said the 80% reduction in protests related to the protests and the increase in the number of rebels who donated weapons by more than 1600% since 2019 was a boost and a great success for the government and military security. The officials said that as a result of improving security conditions, the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958, has been completely abolished in Meghalaya and Tripura and its application has been reduced in Arunachal Pradesh.
All four factions of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) disbanded last year after 34 years of establishment to seek a separate Bodoland state in Assam. This follows the signing of a memorandum of understanding on the settlement with the Institute in January. After the payment, 1,615 members of the NDFB volunteered in January 2020.
Experts and authorities say that almost all major rebel groups, including the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) and its allies, have signed ceasefire agreements. They added regional cooperation between India and neighboring countries including Bangladesh, Bhutan and Myanmar have denied rebels protection. These factors and the economic development of the region and the movement of people to the continent through job opportunities have also led to a reduction in violence.
Subir Bhaumik, a former BBC journalist and commentator, said Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s return to power in Bangladesh in 2009 was a turning point in the game. Previously, all the rebel groups had safe havens there. Sheikh Hasina had also made sure that Bangladesh soil was not used by extremists and their leaders were transferred to India. … Myanmar’s army is now supporting India against the rebels because it needs Indian assistance in fighting [its rebel group] the Arakan Army.
Bhaumik said the NSCN’s largest armed organization – Isaac Muivaah – and all its members are now involved in peace talks. He said that all the Non-government Naga is the main reason for the huge decline in incidence. Most importantly, the Indian economy and its growth have proved to be a magnet for the opportunities of the new generation in the Northeast. The basic attraction of joining [underground] groups is now gone. Bhaumik also added that young people from the region are now moving to Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Bengaluru for work.
He said that the people from the northeast have expelled rebel groups. There is a strong feeling against the action of the rebels. In fact, there are more Indian military recruitment conventions in the northeast than in the Punjab and other regions. Pushpita Das, a researcher at Newharhi’s Manohar Parrikar Institute of Defense Studies and Analyzes, echoes Bumumik. A huge group of protesters are participating in peace talks and this has raised hopes that there will be peace and development everywhere in the region.
Most of the development has taken place [in the region] over the past several years and the large-scale migration of young people from the North-East to the continent has also played a role in reducing the employment of rebel groups.